NIKU inviterer til foredrag: Protecting our ‘Common Legacy’: World Heritage and Conflicts in Africa
Albino Jopela holder foredrag om kulturarvskonflikter som kan oppstå fra et lokalt perspektiv, med Sør Afrika som case, sett i lys av UNESCOs overordnede strategier. Foredraget er åpent for alle interesserte, og holdes i NIKUs lokaler i Storgata 2, mandag 3. juni, kl. 12-14.
Albino Jopela er fra Eduardo Mondlane University (Mozambique) og University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), og er for tiden Yaggdrasil Visiting Fellow ved Universitetet i Oslo.
Africa, being the cradle of humankind, possesses a wealth of cultural heritage that ranges from Palaeolithic sites to historic towns, monuments and cultural landscapes. There are at the present (as of September 2012) some 129 natural and cultural sites in Africa inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, because of their exceptional qualities (places considered to be of outstanding universal value). Yet too many of these important cultural and natural heritage sites are threatened by factors such as large-scale development projects (e.g. a consequence of urban pressure, construction of dams and bridges), unsustainable tourism, local on-site management deficiencies (e.g. lack of financial and human resources) as well as man-made aggression such as (e.g. armed conflicts). Although conflicts are by no means unique to Africa, wars and upheavals are common, posing significant challenges to the security of some millions of Africans living on the continent as well as their diverse and rich cultural and natural heritage. For instance, all five World Heritage properties in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Garamba National Park, Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Salonga National Park, and Virunga National Park) have been inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger since the mid 1990s because of the threats to the sites resulting from the civil war. In fact, it is sad to notice that of the 38 properties in the World Heritage List in Danger, 18 (approximately 47%) are in Africa.
Considering that conflicts of one sort or another are sometimes part of the socio-political context where heritage sites exist, this presentation sets out to discuss the protection of cultural heritage in Africa during times of armed conflict by asking some interesting questions such as: What are the main threats to cultural heritage during an armed conflict? Which heritage is protected or destroyed during armed conflicts and why? Is it possible to protect African world’s heritage sites during times of armed conflict?
Påmelding til Kirsti Elisabeth Sundet innen 22. mai.